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Thalamic reticular nucleus dysfunction in neurodevelopmental disorders - Guoping Feng

Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute, Guoping Feng
April 18, 2019 - 12:00pm to 1:00pm
Clark Center Auditorium

Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute, Guoping Feng

Guoping Feng, PhD

Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Director, Model Systems and Neurobiology
Stanley Center for Psychiatric ResearchMcGovern Institute
Massachusetts Institute of Technology - MIT

Host: Sergiu Pasca


Abstract

The Thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) provides major inhibitory inputs to the thalamus and plays important roles in sensory gating, attention selection and sleep rhythms. Many of the risk genes for ASD, schizophrenia and ADHD are highly expressed in the TRN, raising the possibility that TRN may be a circuit converging point for some of the overlapping behavioral abnormalities in these disorders. Using TRN-specific genetic deletions in mice, we demonstrate the critical roles of TRN dysfunction in attention deficit, hyperactivity and sleep disruption, commonly observed in neurodevelopmental disorders including ASD. To dissect how TRN may differentially regulate distinct aspects of thalamo-cortical function, we applied multi-scale single cell analysis including single cell RNA-Seq, multiplex RNA FISH, electrophysiological recordings and molecular tracing to map TRN subnetworks. We identified two major TRN neuronal subtypes that have distinct electrophysiological properties, differential topographic connectivity related to different thalamic sensory modalities, i.e. first order and high order thalamic nuclei. Through such non-overlapping anatomical pathways mediated by its subpopulations, TRN might differentially tune incoming sensory information through thalamo-cortical circuits. Importantly, we identified genes selectively expressed by each of the TRN subtypes of neurons, paving the way for testing molecular targets that could potentially regulate different TRN functions based on their thalamic connectivity.   

Curriculum vitae

Related papers

[1] Wells MF, Wimmer RD, Schmitt LI, Feng G, and Halassa MM. Thalamic reticular impairment underlies attention deficit in Ptchd1Y/- mice. Nature, 532:58-63 (07 April 2016). DOI:10.1038/nature17427

[2] Mei Y, Monteiro P, Zhou Y, Kim J-A, Gao X, Fu Z and Feng G. Adult Restoration of Shank3 Expression Rescues Selective Autistic-Like Phenotypes. Nature volume 530, pages 481–484 (25 February 2016). DOI:10.1038/nature16971

Event Sponsor: 
Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute
Contact Email: 
neuroscience@stanford.edu
Contact Phone: 
650-723-3573

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